Labs and Faculty
Core Laboratories
Laboratory of Evolutionary Anthropology

NAKAYAMA Kazuhiro Assoc. Prof. Ph.D.


Anthropology, Evolutionary medicine


Humans, Genome variations, Adaptation, Lifestyle-related diseases


Understanding the characteristics of humans as living organisms is essential for advancing scientific fields such as medicine, pharmacology, and psychology, which are necessary for us to lead healthy lives. Moreover, humans are fascinating research materials for understanding biological evolution. Let's challenge the mystery of human evolution together.


We all suffer from diseases. In particular, noncommunicable diseases related to modern lifestyles, such as metabolic syndrome, affect many people. The susceptibility to lifestyle-related diseases is related to the genetic variants inherited from our ancestors. What was the significance of the disease-prone/resistant variants before the modern lifestyle prevailed? Our primary interest is in the relationship between obesity and adaptation to starvation and cold. We are seeking evidence that environmental adaptations in our ancestors were involved in shaping the susceptibility of modern humans to disease. To achieve this goal, we are developing research that combines a variety of methods, including phenotyping experiments on human subjects, statistical analysis using genome-wide DNA variation data, and population genetic analysis to detect traces of natural selection.

  • Population genetic analyses using a workstation

  • SNP genotyping experiment


2017 - Present Associate professor, Laboratory of Evolutionary Anthropology, Department of Integrated Biosciences, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo
2013 - 2017 Lecturer, School of Medicine, Jichi Medical University
2007 – 2013 Assistant professor, School of Medicine, Jichi Medical University
2006 – 2007 Assistant, School of Medicine, Jichi Medical University
2005 – 2006 Project postdoctoral researcher, The University of Tokyo
2004 – 2005 JSPS research fellow, The University of Tokyo
2004 Ph.D., Graduate School of Sciences, The University of Tokyo
2001 M. Sc., Graduate School of Sciences, The University of Tokyo
1999 B. Engineering, School of Technology for Human Welfare, Tokai University